The leaves of the plant called Camellia Sinensis are plucked and oxidized from green to dark brown color.
No control of the manufacturer is there on the process of oxidization, and thus, the leaves are completely oxidized to provide black tea. Due to full oxidation, black tea usually has robust and bold flavor.
All the tea drinkers will agree to the fact that tea gives them energy and alertness for the rest of the day. Those black teas which have been made from complete leaves are usually the best ones.
The most valuable varieties are the ones who have the tips of the leaves intact. Their color characterizes all black teas available around the world from pale orange to a reddish brown.
Typical black tea is produced by two processes: the orthodox method and the nonorthodox method of production in which the drying temperature is different in each.
Also, both yield high quality and premium black teas. It is grown and produced globally. The three largest producers of black tea are India, Africa, and Sri Lanka.
Types of Black Tea
Black Tea can be classified as:
The Assamese black tea has bold and malty characteristics. Also, Assam is the world’s largest tea growing region.
Darjeeling provides us with a more herbaceous flavored black tea which changes every season and also varies with the climate.
The Kenyan black tea is famous in the world market for its assertive and full-bodied style.
Ceylon tea varies in taste, and the taste depends on the region it is being picked from. Nonetheless, the Ceylon tea is known for its strong and brisk flavor with a hint of spice.
• Keemun Tea
A Chinese black tea which is known for its fruity and wine-like flavor.
• Golden Monkey Tea
This is a smooth black tea which has a mild flavor to it, China’s black tea is appreciated for its sweet taste and fewer astringencies. The golden tips of the tea leaves add an excellent taste to the beverage.
• Lapsang Souchong
This ecstatically smoky black tea is enriched with the smoke of pinewood during its oxidation. Its flavor and aroma both reflect smoky effect. It has a robust and strong flavor.
• Neelgiri Black Tea
This tea is highly fragrant and also have a floral taste and aroma. It is produced in the southern part of India.
• Yunnan Tea
This tea is known for the presence of golden tips among the black tea, and it’s also believed that higher the content of the golden tips, better will be the quality of the tea.
• Turkish Tea
Very strong tea is prepared, and then water is added until tea reaches the desired strength and then finally it is consumed. This Turkish tea is produced in the eastern black coastal region of Turkey.
• Taiwanese Black Tea
The Taiwanese black tea is often known as the ruby black or red jade, owing to its ruby red color. This tea is bug bitten to provide it a much sweeter flavor.
• Bai Lin Gong Fu Black Tea
A rarity even in it’s a native land of China, this tea has flavor and is handmade. This tea can be brewed more than once without losing its flavor.
Black tea can also be classified by the leaves being used. These classifications are:
• Black Tea With Crushed Leaves
Fannings: With leave particles crushed to about a thickness of 1-1.5 mm. It is further classified to:
- Pekoe Fannings
- Orange Fannings
- Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings
- Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings
• Black Tea With the Whole Leaf
- Orange Pekoe: The high quality leaves plucked in the first two tea- shoots. It is very popular among experts as these have the highest content of golden tips.
- Pekoe: Reduce the number of golden tips from the orange pekoe and pekoes is received.
- Souchong: A strong flavored old teat, which has a larger size than its counterparts.
- Pekoe Souchong: It is considered as an inferior pekoe variety as the leaves picked are old.
- Flowery Orange Pekoe: This variety contains some buds along with the new leaves.
- Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: This variety has a higher percentage of the golden tips in comparison to the flowery orange pekoes.
- Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: This is even better quality with even more tips.
- Finest Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: This as the name suggests is a wonderful quality with best tips.
- Super Finest Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe: This quality indeed is the best quality of black tea as it has finest leaves with best quality tips in it.
• Black Tea With Broken Leaves
Broken Orange Pekoe: The broken oranges pekoe is received from the leaves which get broken in the process of manufacturing, and these get collected during the screening process. These generally have medium sized particles. It is further divided in the following according to its quality:
- Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
- Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
- Tippy Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe
Various blends are available to enhance the taste of your favorite brew the black tea, some of them are:
• Earl Grey Black Tea
It is one of the most sought-after flavored teas and has traditionally been flavored using the essential oil of the Bergamot Fruit. It is further also available in other variants called:
(a) Lady Grey: Earl Grey black tea when consumed with added cornflowers is called the lady grey.
(b) London Fog: Earl Grey black tea with hint vanilla makes for a London Fog.
• Masala Chai
Masala Chai is a perfect blend of black tea with some spices like cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, ginger, and peppercorns.
These are one of the best classifications of your favorite brew which are available all-round the globe. The type and blends available for black tea make it one of the best brews available for the tea lovers.
Let us all now select the best variety with the finest quality and get sitting with the best cup of black tea with its robust aroma and fantastic taste.