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Guava: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages

Guava is a uniquely aromatized tropical fruit. Its roots can be traced back to Mexico. The Guava fruit is generally pink from within though white ones are also available. The fruit is ovular in shape and has a green appearance. It grows on a little tree with a height of a little over 10 inches. Guavas are extremely healthy.

Scientific Name of Guava

This anti-oxidant rich fruit is known to be rich in all nutrients and beneficial for human health. To avail of these benefits, we need to understand the various names that are used to address this fruit, which belongs to the Myrtaceae family.

The Guava fruit is scientifically addressed as Psidium guajava.


Common Names of Guava in Different Languages

It is addressed to with various local names across the globe. The most common and even uncommon ones are enlisted below to help you recognize, buy, and eat this healthy fruit.

Common Names – Around the world

  • In over 52 languages, the fruit is called Guava itself. These languages are Greek, Basque, Latin Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Irish, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Welsh, Azerbaijani, Mongolian, Tajik, Uzbek, Turkish, Hausa, Igbo, Sesotho, Yoruba, Maori and even Croatian.


  • The Polish people, though, call it the same but with a twist. In Polish, Guava is called Guawa.


  • In Portuguese and Galician Guava is commonly known as Goiaba.


  • The French call it Goyave.


  •  In Italian, the fruit of Guava is commonly known as Guaiava.


  • In the Estonian language, this fruit is referred to as  Guajaav.


  • Some names that seem unique are the one in Albanian that is Gujava, Hungarian that is gujávafa,  Latvian that is Gvajave, Spanish that is Guayaba, Lithuanian that is gvajavos, Maltese that is gwav, Chichewa that is gwafa, Haitian Creole that is gwayav, Malagasy that is Goavy and in Esperanto that is Guayaba.


  • The list of common names of Guava in different languages does not end here. It gets a little humorous too with names like koejawel in Afrikaans,  mapera in Swahili, ugwava in Zulu, 


  • jambu biji in Indonesian, Jambu in Javanese, and  Jambu Batu in Malay.


  • Some other names that seemed different from the list are bayabas in Filipino, 番石榴(fān shíliú) in Chinese Simplified, अमरूद (Amrud) in Hindi, 구아바(guaba) in Korean, جوافة(jawaafa) in Arabic and dhafeen in Somali.

Common Names – in India

  • Hindi Name : Amrud
  • Assamese Name : Madhuri Aam
  • Bengali Name : Peyara
  • Manipuri Name : Pungton
  • Gujarati Name : Jaamkal
  • Kannada Name : Pearaley
  • Marathi Name : Tupkel
  • Tangkhul Name : Pungdonrong
  • Nepali Name : Amba
  • Telugu Name : Goyyapandu
  • Tamil Name : Segappu Koyya


Apart from the big list of names, this fruit comes in various varieties as well. The types are majorly dependant on the color of its flesh. That is the internal fruit color and not the color of the peel. 

The Guava fruit flesh lies between the range of a pale white to pinkish-red. The most obvious way to differentiate between the various varieties is also through the shape of the fruit. The appearance, if noticed carefully, is different, and changes with the numerous types like the commonly known ‘White Indian’ will bear a small-medium sized fruit while the ‘Detwiler’ usually has a more significant fruit. The Sweet White Indonesian variety has fruit with a radius of almost 2 inches.

So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows guava in your language, locality or culture!