Tulsi (Holy Basil): Benefits Side Effects Types & Scientific Names

Medicinal herb Tulsi the Holy Basil is famous as Queen of Herbs. Today we will see how It is king of herbs and most respect herb in among all.

I will cover Benefits, Side effects, varieties, Different names and Importance of tulsi the holy basil For Indian Culture.

Medicinal Herb or Queen of Herbs

Tulsi the holy basil or the sacred basil is an ancient plant, which has tremendously aromatic, thin oval leaves, and purple-pink flowers. Holy basil is one of the crucial herbs in the Ayurvedic. Tulsi the holy basil belongs to  Lamiaceae (mint) family and also known as the cousins of sweet basil.

It is also famous as “Queen of Herbs” since the times of ancient civilization in India.(1)

Why Holy Basil is Known as “The King Of Herb”

Tulsi walked west around the beginning trade paths from the Orient to Europe,  Christians had started calling it “sacred” or “holy” basil as is reflected in its Latin botanical name, Ocimum Sanctum. It hailed Tulsi the Holy basil as “ The King of Herbs” by European herbalists and physicians, as well as cooks. The name basil is likely derived from Greek words referring to “royalty” or “king.”(1)(2)

What Does Expert say About Tulsi the Holy Basil

Incredible Alternative Health Secret for Fighting Stress

Dr. Oz calls Tulsi (Holy Basil) an “incredible alternative health secret for fighting stress” in his video.

Gift in the Western World

According to Dr. Vasant Ladthat sacred basil opens the heart and mind, bestowing the energy of love and devotion. Truly this plant is a gift to us in the Western world.”

No Plant in the World Commands such… Universal Respect

(Source=”Plants of Life/ Plants of Death” authored by Frederick Simoons)

The Tulsi is most sacred plant in India. No Plant in the world commands such… universal respect, adoration and worship from the people as does Tulsi. It is the plant par excellence. – – K. D. Upadhyayam, (Indian Botanical Falklore).

What Western Scientist said about Tulsi the Holy Basil

Dr. Ralph D. Miller said, “When I was first introduced to the sacred Tulsi, my first reaction, as a Western scientist, was disbelief. there seemed to be far more wide-ranging health benefits attributed to this plant than could be possible for a single agent. Yet, I realized that there must be compelling reasons why Tulsi has, for thousands of years, remained one of the most cherished of India’s sacred healing plants.”

Different types of Holy Basil leaves with holy basil oil

Types of Tulsi Plant or Varieties of the Holy Basil

Types of Tulsi Plant or Varieties of the Holy Basil

There are mainly four types of Tulsi the holy basil or the sacred basil.

  1. Dark Holy Basil or Krishna Tulsi (Ocimum Tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum)
  2. Light Holy Basil or Rama Tulsi (Ocimum Tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum)
  3. Wild Leaf Holy Basil or Vana Tulsi (Ocimum Gratissimum)
  4. Kapoor Tulsi(Common in the United States)

Dark Holy Basil(Krishna Tulsi)

Dark holy basil has purplish or dark purple leaves with a strong aroma, peppery crisp taste, and dark stems. Dark holy basil is famous for their medicinal value. Their leaves are smaller than light holy basil.

Light Holy Basil(Rama Tulsi)

Light holy basil is the most common holy basil. Light holy basil has green leaves with white-purplish flowers and green or purplish stem. The light color variety of holy basil is popular for their cooling and mellow flavor. Light holy basil has larger leaves than dark holy basil.

Wild Leaf Holy Basil(Vana Tulsi)

Wild leaf holy basil is also known as Vana tulsi. It has green leaves (same as light holy basil) with white flowers and strong aroma. It can be found as taller than other varieties of holy basil.

This variety is known as Vana, or “forest type,” which is green-leaved with white blossoms and is highly aromatic. It grows taller than other varieties. wild leaf holy basil or Vana tulsi has the scientific name, which is known by Ocimum Gratissimum.

Kapoor Tulsi(Ocimum sanctum)

Kapoor Tulsi is the most common variety of holy basil in the United States. You can grow this variety of holy basil in temperate gardens and it’s not hard to grow. It possesses the high aroma, which is the reason behind the attraction of bees towards Kapoor tulsi.

Different Names of Tulsi the Holy Basil

Different Names of Dark and Light Holy Basil

There are many different names of Dark Holy Basil(Krishna tulsi) and Light Holy Basil(Rama tulsi) but some of the popular are following,

Names of Dark Holy Basil(Krishna Tulsi)

Purple Holy Basil, Dark Holy Basil, Dark Sacred Basil, Shyama Tulsi, Krishna Tulsi

Names of Light Holy Basil(Rama Tulsi)

Green Holy Basil, Light Holy Basil, Light Sacred Basil, Rama Tulsi, Shri Tulsi, Lakshmi Tulsi

Scientific Names of  the Holy Basil(Tulsi)

Ocimum Tenuiflorum, Ocimum Sanctum, and Ocimum Gratissimum

Dark and light holy basil are both shares same scientific name, Which is known as Ocimum Tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum.

Wild leaf or Vana holy basil scientific name is  Ocimum Gratissimum.

Common Names of Holy Basil or Tulsi

(sources: WebMD)

Ajaka, Albahaca Santa, Bai Gkaprow, Baranda, Basilic Indien, Basilic Sacré, Basilic Sacré Pourpre, Basilic Saint, Brinda, Green Holy Basil, Hot Basil, Indian Basil, Kala Tulsi, Kemangen, Krishna Tulasi, Krishna Tulsi, Manjari, Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Parnasa, Patrapuspha, Rama Tulsi, Red Holy Basil, Sacred Basil, Sacred Purple Basil, Shyama Tulsi, Sri Tulasi, Suvasa Tulasi, Tulasi, Tulsi, Tulsi Patra.

 

 Medicinal Uses or Health Benefits of Tulsi the Holy Basil

Battle Against Bacterial Infections

Holy basil is a good cure for bacterial infections, These infections can mess with possibly the littlest of wounds. The study recommends that Tulsi the holy basil may very well be a highly effective antibiotic against debilitating and dangerous bacteria.

Studies Imply Holy Basil Prevents Diabetes

Starting experimental studies implies that adding holy basil(tulsi) in your eating or diet program can support in handling blood sugar levels. It is also suggested to be cautious in case you are sufferer of diabetes, because sources claimed that it can reason to lower blood sugar, It can possibly trigger low blood sugar levels for sufferer, who are with medications to help their control blood sugar.

The study suggests that basil leaves may be prescribed as adjunct to dietary therapy and drug treatment in mild to moderate NIDDM(noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus).

Guardian for The Heart Against Chronic Stress

Holy basil extracts can possibly support to work as guardian for the heart against chronic stress. In a study on Male Wistar Rat, It indicates that Tulsi the holy basil protects rat heart from chronic restraint stress-induced changes, through its central effect.

Other Health Benefits or Medicinal Uses of Tulsi the Holy Basil

It reduces the risk of diseases such as Cancer, Heart Disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Slow Down the Aging.

According to Dr. Joseph Mercola, “Numerous studies have demonstrated that antioxidants play a vital role in maintaining good health and reducing the risk of diseases like heart disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and cancer, and may contribute to slowing down the aging process itself. ”

Side Effect of Tulsi the Holy Basil

Don’t Use Holy Basil Together With Anti-Clotting Medications

Holy basil plays an important role for thinning the blood, For that reason it is suggested to not use it with anti-clotting medications without having the acceptance(approval) of your physician or medical professional. In case you used them together with each other, you could possibly have complications getting cuts to stop bleeding.(3)

Hypoglycemia

For the reason that holy basil(tulsi) can support to lower blood glucose, It should be utilized cautiously in case you are having any kind of diabetic medications, It is suggested to talk with your medical professional before using holy basil with medication. Shaking, irritability, dizziness, or faintings are signs or symptoms of the hypoglycemia. Keep track of these types of symptoms often to capture lowering blood sugar well before they turn out to be a serious health issue.

Surgery: Holy Basil Can Possibly Slow Blood Clotting

WebMD Suggests ” Holy basil might slow blood clotting, so there is a concern that it could increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using holy basil at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery”

Pregnancy and Breast-Feeding(Lactation)

There is the lack of studies, information and not enough identified related to the use of holy basil for the duration of pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is suggested to Continue to be on the harmless part and stay away from use of holy basil during this period of time.

According to Drugs website, “Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking.”

pragnancy and holy basil

Stay on the Safe Side and Avoid Use of Holy Basil During Pregnancy or BreastFeeding

 

Belief for Tulsi the Holy Basil in India (The Living Goddess Among Us!)

Tulsi the holy basil is famous in the world for their beneficial side but in India, Tulsi the holy basil is known as the Goddess, Tulsi is the one of the goddess, living among us and do care of us by providing their medicinal effects(this is just my point of view). Indians start their day by doing worship of goddess tulsi, It gives peace of mind. They give water in tulsi the holy basil to show the respect to their goddess, there are many stories connected the reason behind this, I have read several of them and they are all interesting.

Indian Culture and Tulsi the Holy Basil

Wikipedia says, “Many Hindus have tulsi plants growing in front of or near their home, often in special pots or special small masonry structures. Traditionally, Tulsi is planted in the center of the central courtyard of Hindu houses. The plant is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil.”

Indian Culture and Tulsi the Holy Basil

Indian Culture and Tulsi the Holy Basil

 Tulsi Vivah or Tulsi(the Holy Basil) Wedding

The Most amazing fact that I want to mention here, which belongs to Wikipedia

There is ceremony famous in India as Tulsi Vivah, which is performed by the Hindus. It is the ceremonial wedding of the Tulsi plant to Vishnu, in the form of his image, Shaligram or a Krishna or Rama image. Both the bride and the groom are ritually worshipped and then married as per traditional Hindu wedding rituals. It marks the end of the four-month Chaturmas period, which corresponds to the monsoon and is considered inauspicious for weddings and other rituals, so the day inaugurates the annual marriage season in India.

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