Tulsi (Holy Basil): Benefits Side Effects Types & Scientific Names
Medicinal herb Tulsi the Holy Basil is famous as Queen of Herbs. Today we will see how It is king of herbs and most respect herb in among all.
I will cover Benefits, Side effects, varieties, Different names and Importance of tulsi the holy basil For Indian Culture.
Medicinal Herb or Queen of Herbs
Tulsi the holy basil or the sacred basil is an ancient plant, which has tremendously aromatic, thin oval leaves, and purple-pink flowers. Holy basil is one of the crucial herbs in the Ayurvedic. Tulsi the holy basil belongs to Lamiaceae (mint) family and also known as the cousins of sweet basil.
It is also famous as “Queen of Herbs” since the times of ancient civilization in India. (1)
Why Holy Basil is Known as “The King Of Herb”
Tulsi walked west around the beginning trade paths from the Orient to Europe, Christians had started calling it “sacred” or “holy” basil as is reflected in its Latin botanical name, Ocimum Sanctum. It hailed Tulsi the Holy basil as “ The King of Herbs” by European herbalists and physicians, as well as cooks. The name basil is likely derived from Greek words referring to “royalty” or “king.”(1)(2)
What Does Expert say About Tulsi the Holy Basil
Incredible Alternative Health Secret for Fighting Stress
Dr. Oz calls Tulsi (Holy Basil) an “incredible alternative health secret for fighting stress” in his video.
Gift in the Western World
According to Dr. Vasant Lad, “that sacred basil opens the heart and mind, bestowing the energy of love and devotion. Truly this plant is a gift to us in the Western world.”
No Plant in the World Commands such… Universal Respect
(Source=”Plants of Life/ Plants of Death” authored by Frederick Simoons)
The Tulsi is the most sacred plant in India. No Plant in the world commands such… universal respect, adoration and worship from the people as does Tulsi. It is the plant par excellence. – – K. D. Upadhyayam, (Indian Botanical Falklore).
What Western Scientist said about Tulsi the Holy Basil
Dr. Ralph D. Miller said, “When I was first introduced to the sacred Tulsi, my first reaction, as a Western scientist, was disbelief. There seemed to be far more wide-ranging health benefits attributed to this plant that could be possible for a single agent. I realized that there must be compelling reasons why Tulsi has, for thousands of years, remained one of the most cherished of India’s sacred healing plants.”
Types of Tulsi Plant or Varieties of the Holy Basil
There are mainly four types of Tulsi the holy basil or the sacred basil.
- Dark Holy Basil or Krishna Tulsi (Ocimum Tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum)
- Light Holy Basil or Rama Tulsi (Ocimum Tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum)
- Wild Leaf Holy Basil or Vana Tulsi (Ocimum Gratissimum)
- Kapoor Tulsi(Common in the United States)
Dark Holy Basil(Krishna Tulsi)
Dark holy basil has purplish or dark purple leaves with a strong aroma, crisp, peppery taste, and dark stems. Dark holy basil is famous for their medicinal value. Their leaves are smaller than light holy basil.
Light Holy Basil(Rama Tulsi)
Light holy basil is the most common holy basil. Light holy basil has green leaves with white-purplish flowers and green or purplish stem. The light color variety of holy basil is popular for their cooling and mellow flavor. Light holy basil has larger leaves than dark holy basil.
Wild Leaf Holy Basil(Vana Tulsi)
Wild leaf holy basil is also known as Vana tulsi. It has green leaves (same as light holy basil) with white flowers and strong aroma. It can be found as taller than other varieties of holy basil.
This variety is known as Vana, or “forest type,” which is green-leaved with white blossoms and is highly aromatic. It grows taller than other varieties. Wild leaf holy basil or Vana Tulsi has the scientific name, which is known by Ocimum gratissimum.
Kapoor Tulsi(Ocimum sanctum)
Kapoor Tulsi is the most common variety of holy basil in the United States. You can grow this variety of holy basil in temperate gardens, and it’s not hard to grow. It possesses the high aroma, which is the reason behind the attraction of bees towards Kapoor tulsi.
Different Names of Tulsi the Holy Basil
Different Names of Dark and Light Holy Basil
There are many different names of Dark Holy Basil(Krishna Tulsi) and Light Holy Basil(Rama tulsi), but some of the popular are following,
Names of Dark Holy Basil(Krishna Tulsi)
Purple Holy Basil, Dark Holy Basil, Dark Sacred Basil, Shyama Tulsi, Krishna Tulsi
Names of Light Holy Basil(Rama Tulsi)
Green Holy Basil, Light Holy Basil, Light Sacred Basil, Rama Tulsi, Shri Tulsi, Lakshmi Tulsi
Scientific Names of the Holy Basil(Tulsi)
Ocimum Tenuiflorum, Ocimum Sanctum, and Ocimum Gratissimum
Dark and light holy basil are both shares the same scientific name, Which is known as Ocimum tenuiflorum or Ocimum Sanctum.
Wild leaf or Vana holy basil scientific name is Ocimum Gratissimum.
Common Names of Holy Basil or Tulsi
Ajaka, Albahaca Santa, Bai Gkaprow, Baranda, Basilic Indien, Basilic Sacré, Basilic Sacré Pourpre, Basilic Saint, Brinda, Green Holy Basil, Hot Basil, Indian Basil, Kala Tulsi, Kemangen, Krishna Tulasi, Krishna Tulsi, Manjari, Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum tenuiflorum, Parnasa, Patrapuspha, Rama Tulsi, Red Holy Basil, Sacred Basil, Sacred Purple Basil, Shyama Tulsi, Sri Tulasi, Suvasa Tulasi, Tulasi, Tulsi, Tulsi Patra.
Medicinal Uses or Health Benefits of Tulsi the Holy Basil
Battle Against Bacterial Infections
Holy basil is a good cure for bacterial infections; These infections can mess with possibly the littlest of wounds. The study recommends that Tulsi the holy basil may very well be a highly effective antibiotic against debilitating and dangerous bacteria.
Studies Imply Holy Basil Prevents Diabetes
Starting experimental studies implies that adding holy basil(tulsi) in your eating or diet program can support in handling blood sugar levels. It is also suggested to be cautious in case you are a sufferer of diabetes because sources claimed that it could reason to lower blood sugar, It can trigger low blood sugar levels for a sufferer, who is with medications to help their control blood sugar.
The study suggests that basil leaves may be prescribed as an adjunct to dietary therapy and drug treatment in mild to moderate NIDDM(noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus).
Guardian for The Heart Against Chronic Stress
Holy basil extracts can support to work as a guardian for the heart against chronic stress. In a study on Male Wistar Rat, It indicates that Tulsi the holy basil protects rat heart from chronic restraint stress-induced changes, through its central effect.
Other Health Benefits or Medicinal Uses of Tulsi the Holy Basil
It reduces the risk of diseases such as Cancer, Heart Disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Slow Down the Aging.
According to Dr. Joseph Mercola, “Numerous studies have demonstrated that antioxidants play a vital role in maintaining good health and reducing the risk of diseases like heart disease, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and cancer, and may contribute to slowing down the aging process itself. ”
Side Effect of Tulsi the Holy Basil
Don’t Use Holy Basil Together With Anti-Clotting Medications
Holy basil plays an important role in thinning the blood; For that reason, it is suggested to not use it with anti-clotting medications without having the acceptance(approval) of your physician or medical professional. In case you used them together with each other, you could have complications getting cuts to stop bleeding. (3)
Holy basil(tulsi) can support to lower blood glucose, It should be utilized cautiously in case you are having any kind of diabetic medications, It is suggested to talk with your medical professional before using holy basil with medication. Shaking, irritability, dizziness, or faintings are signs or symptoms of the hypoglycemia. Keep track of these types of symptoms often to capture lowering blood sugar well before they turn out to be a serious health issue.
Surgery: Holy Basil Can Possibly Slow Blood Clotting
WebMD Suggests ” Holy basil might slow blood clotting, so there is a concern that it could increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using holy basil at least two weeks before a scheduled surgery.”
Pregnancy and Breast-Feeding(Lactation)
There is the lack of studies, information and not enough identified related to the use of holy basil for the duration of pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is suggested to Continue to be on the harmless part and stay away from the use of holy basil during this period.
According to the Drugs website, “Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking.”
Belief for Tulsi the Holy Basil in India (The Living Goddess Among Us!)
Tulsi the holy basil is famous in the world for their beneficial side but in India, Tulsi the holy basil is known as the Goddess, Tulsi is one of the goddesses, living among us and do care of us by providing their medicinal effects(this is just my point of view). Indians start their day by doing worship of goddess Tulsi; It gives peace of mind. They give water in tulsi the holy basil to show the respect to their goddess, there are many stories connected the reason behind this, I have read several of them, and they are all interesting.
Indian Culture and Tulsi the Holy Basil
Wikipedia says, “Many Hindus have tulsi plants growing in front of or near their home, often in special pots or special small masonry structures. Traditionally, Tulsi is planted in the center of the central courtyard of Hindu houses. The plant is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil.”
Tulsi Vivah or Tulsi(the Holy Basil) Wedding
The Most amazing fact that I want to mention here, which belongs to Wikipedia
There is ceremony famous in India as Tulsi Vivah, which is performed by the Hindus. It is the ceremonial wedding of the Tulsi plant to Vishnu, in the form of his image, Shaligram or a Krishna or Rama image. Both the bride and the groom are ritually worshipped and then married as per traditional Hindu wedding rituals. It marks the end of the four-month Chaturmas period, which corresponds to the monsoon and is considered inauspicious for weddings and other rituals, so the day inaugurates the annual marriage season in India.