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What is Vitamin C: Historical Facts & Different Names

In my childhood, I had many questions. the curiosity level was on top floor.

what is vitamin C or Ascorbic acid? Just a vitamin that we get from food because our body can not make? I am not happy with the answer, I want to know more but how? I will add different names of vitamin C and some of the beginning story of vitamin C from its origin.

I am going to give a little introduction of vitamin C.

What is Vitamin C? -Introduction


Vitamin C is Ascorbic acid.

It is water soluble, which dissolves in water.

Remaining quantities of the vitamin C get away from the body by way of the urine.

This indicates, we need regular sources of vitamins like vitamin C or water-soluble vitamin in diet, which can we get from dietary sources of these water-soluble vitamins or vitamin C.


Water-soluble vitamins include the B vitamins and vitamin C.

According to Wikipedia,

Vitamin C is a cofactor in at least eight enzymatic reactions, including several collagen synthesis reactions that, when dysfunctional, cause the most severe symptoms of scurvy.

In animals, these reactions are especially important in wound-healing and in preventing bleeding from capillaries.


Different Names of Vitamin C

[Sources: WebMD]

Acide Ascorbique, Acide Cévitamique, Acide Iso-Ascorbique, Acide L-Ascorbique, Acido Ascorbico, Antiscorbutic Vitamin, Ascorbate, Ascorbate de Calcium, Ascorbate de Sodium, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Calcium Ascorbate, Cevitamic Acid, Iso-Ascorbic Acid, L-Ascorbic Acid, Magnesium Ascorbate, Palmitate d’Ascorbyl, Selenium Ascorbate, Sodium Ascorbate, Vitamina C, Vitamine Antiscorbutique, Vitamine C.

Scientific Name of Vitamin C

Scientific name of vitamin C is Ascorbic acid.

How Vitamin C and Scurvy Came into Light

It makes me more curious to bring light on the face of vitamin C to find out its origin, I am not going to mention all the stories but few of my favorite.

Albert Szent-Györgyi Discovered the Chemical Ascorbic Acid(The Rise of Vitamin C)


“1930’s Albert Szent-Györgyi discovered the chemical ascorbic acid—also known as vitamin C.”


Szent-Gyorgyi was working in Szegred, Hungary, the paprika capital of the world. Paprika is a dried ground pepper. In Hungary, it is not only a spice but a national tradition.

Matching salt and paprika shakers are found on every restaurant table. Unlike most Hungarians, Szent-Gyorgyi was not fond of paprika. One night his wife served him fresh red paprika for supper, Lasker foundation Website Suggests.


Szent-Györgyi wrote in his autobiography, “I did not feel like eating it so I thought of a way out. Suddenly it occurred to me that this is the one plant I had never tested. I took it to the laboratory … [and by] about midnight I knew that it was a treasure chest full of vitamin C, As per American Chemical Society.


Long ago, Sailor died by Scurvy

According to University of Massachusetts Amherst(UMASS), “Three hundred years ago, a sailor man was on a long voyage, he would likely not come back home alive.

The reason was not because he might be killed by pirates or pass away in a storm. The reason behind this was that he might acquire the terrifying illness scurvy.

A British doctor discovered that an everyday ration of lime juice would protect against the dreadful softening and bleeding of organs, skin, tendons, and gums that guided to loss of life for sailors.”


Sailors received the nickname “Limey”

“Sailors received the nickname “limey” from this process. In the present day, it is identified that the sailors’ scurvy was triggered by lack of vitamin C.

Due to the fact, healthy fruits and vegetables could hardly end up being kept on board, lime juice offered the vitamin C the sailors required.”


Image of a old boat ship

I started this for just introducing vitamin c and giving an answer of my question, what is vitamin c and the interesting stories related to it :).

Without going into more deep, I am finishing here.

let me share more articles that I suggest reading,

Have a Good Day :).